Relations between Southeast Asian countries and mainland China have historically ebbed and flowed. Tensions have often focused on control of islands and reefs in the Indo-Pacific. Beijing, under the leadership of Xi Jinping, has intensified this confrontation increasing the regional security volatility amidst Sino-US rivalry in the South China Sea.
Southeast Asia locates at the core of the wider Indo-Pacific region and embraces one of the globe’s most crucial bodies of water for maritime trade, the South China Sea. Being also home to vibrantly growing economies, the region holds great strategic importance for most global players. This includes the European Union (EU), whose interests in such a faraway area are of vital importance and include both economic relationships and regional security.
The Taiwan Policy Act of 2022 is the most comprehensive bill introduced by the US Congress ever since the enactment of the Taiwan Relation Act of 1979, but how might this affect the Sino-US relations?
The South Pacific has historically been a maritime expanse dominated by the influence of Western powers, including Australia. However, China is seeking to change the status quo through its economic and security diplomacy in the region causing concern for future of the rules-based order and its long-standing presence over climate change.
Relations between Beijing and Taipei have often experienced periods of friction ever since the victory of Mao Zedong’s Chinese communists in 1949. Now cross-strait ties have undergone crucial transformations under Tsai Ing-wen’s leadership, resulting in unprecedented diplomatic and military tensions along the Taiwan Strait.
China’s entry into the Indian Ocean region, through economic investments and political agency is dramatically changing regional dynamics. For decades, the United States has maintained a considerable presence across this vast body of water. The expansion of Beijing’s influence requires the powers in Washington to strengthen their military and economic instruments in the region.
In this final entry of a three-part analysis, the article proposes how Canada can posture itself as a multi-peripheral middle power through the incorporation of hard power politics into its national security and defence planning and operations.
France and Japan have long maintained close political and economic ties. Growing competition from China on the economic and security fronts, coupled with the increasing concern over the effects of climate change, requires France and Japan, two nations in the Indo-Pacific region and members of the G7, to leverage their cooperation to safeguard peace and stability of this maritime zone.
In this second entry of a three-part analysis, the article demonstrates how Canada should develop a new national strategy for security & defence by establishing itself as a multi-peripheral middle power.
As China increases its forceful pressure for unification with Taiwan, can America’s strategic ambiguity maintain peace and prosperity across the Strait?