Essequibo Escalation: From Historical Dispute to Modern-day Tensions and the Specter of Military Action

The Venezuela-Guyana Essequibo dispute reignited in 2015 with ExxonMobil’s oil discovery, escalating under Maduro’s sovereignty claims. Recent actions include a contentious referendum and military exercises. Historical efforts temporarily eased tensions, but post-2015 incidents strained relations. Analysts view a Venezuelan military move as improbable, given global opposition, economic challenges, and unfavorable court rulings. Tensions persist, but military actions seem driven more by domestic considerations than a genuine threat.

From COP Host to OPEC+ Entrant: Brazil’s Strategic Diplomatic Dance

The article analyzes the unexpected nature of Brazil’s decision to join OPEC+. It does so by highlighting President Lula’s environmental commitments and Brazil’s growing role on the international stage.

Colombia’s Revolutionary Anti-Drug Plan: Breakthroughs an Challenges Ahead

Colombian President Gustavo Petro unveils a 10-year anti-drug policy aiming to reduce cocaine production by 43% through “oxygen” (economic alternatives for coca farmers) and “asphyxiation” (fighting trafficking networks). This plan’s success links to Petro’s “Total Peace” initiative to end violence. Security, investments, and political stability are vital for success.

Election Embers: Milei’s Unconventional Ascent in the Race for Argentina’s Presidency

This article examines how Argentine congressman Javier Milei has firmly positioned himself as one of the frontrunners in the upcoming presidential elections. This is in spite of his controversial views and radical proposals, which begs the question, will he actually be able to pull off this huge victory in one of South America’s largest states?

Unpacking Haiti’s Crisis: UN Military Mission Dilemma

In October 2022, Haitian Prime Minister Ariel Henry urgently requested international military assistance to address a security crisis exacerbated by blockades imposed by criminal gangs. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres supported the need for a specialized armed force to assist the Haitian National Police. However, concerns related to previous foreign interventions and strong opposition from some Haitians, rooted in historical distrust, have complicated efforts. Emphasis is placed on the importance of a culturally sensitive solution through diplomacy and dialogue to address Haiti’s challenges.

Bolivia’s Thriving Lithium Sector Bolsters BRICS Membership Aspirations

An article looking at Bolivia’s push for BRICS membership, owing to developments in the country’s lithium sector, which is expected to see a huge boost in production numbers.

Security Watch – BRICS: symptom of an emerging multipolar world ?

The BRICS – a loose association of developing nations – have been the focus of global attention in recent weeks, for the 15th BRICS Leaders’ Summit. While the goal is to establish a more multipolar economic order, the existing geostrategic differences between India and China risk hampering the organisation’s ability to reach its full potential over the medium and long term.

The Growing Role of Armed Forces in Public Security: Implications and Challenges in Latin America

Latin America’s historical narrative is intricately woven with the complex interrelationship between armed forces and politics. From the authoritative reign of 19th-century figures like Juan Manuel de Rosas to the military’s political prominence in the 20th century, the region’s trajectory has been profoundly shaped by this alliance. The shift towards democracy during the 1980s curtailed direct military influence, although discussions on their role endure. Present-day challenges, exemplified by the rise of organized crime, have propelled armed forces into new roles. Peru and Mexico serve as pertinent examples, where armed actors with economic and military clout challenge state authority. Governments are now recalibrating the role of armed forces to strike a harmonious balance between security imperatives and democratic governance. This article delves into these nuances, spotlighting Peru and Mexico as illustrative case studies within this intricate framework.

Bedlam At The Border: How The Frontier Has Become A Key Issue In Mexico-U.S Relations

The article discusses the most recent developments at the U.S.-Mexico border, especially in light of the expiration of Title 42, which might present a whole new set of challenges for both administrations. U.S. Congress will keep a keen eye on President Biden’s moves in terms of immigration, a highly contentious issue in U.S. politics, while President Lopez Obrador has given to other issues affecting Mexico, which might suggest that the two countries are not in agreement as to the urgency of the issue.