The Venezuela-Guyana Essequibo dispute reignited in 2015 with ExxonMobil’s oil discovery, escalating under Maduro’s sovereignty claims. Recent actions include a contentious referendum and military exercises. Historical efforts temporarily eased tensions, but post-2015 incidents strained relations. Analysts view a Venezuelan military move as improbable, given global opposition, economic challenges, and unfavorable court rulings. Tensions persist, but military actions seem driven more by domestic considerations than a genuine threat.
Colombian President Gustavo Petro unveils a 10-year anti-drug policy aiming to reduce cocaine production by 43% through “oxygen” (economic alternatives for coca farmers) and “asphyxiation” (fighting trafficking networks). This plan’s success links to Petro’s “Total Peace” initiative to end violence. Security, investments, and political stability are vital for success.
In October 2022, Haitian Prime Minister Ariel Henry urgently requested international military assistance to address a security crisis exacerbated by blockades imposed by criminal gangs. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres supported the need for a specialized armed force to assist the Haitian National Police. However, concerns related to previous foreign interventions and strong opposition from some Haitians, rooted in historical distrust, have complicated efforts. Emphasis is placed on the importance of a culturally sensitive solution through diplomacy and dialogue to address Haiti’s challenges.
Chile’s push to harness its vast lithium reserves for a greener future is garnering attention. President Gabriel Boric’s visionary plan aims to position the nation as a battery industry leader, pivoting towards renewable energy. However, concerns loom over potential nationalization and private sector involvement. With global lithium demand on the rise, Chile’s strategy embraces state-controlled mining, sustainable practices, and local value chain growth. Balancing these goals, while attracting new players and preserving the environment, presents a complex challenge. As Chile strides towards sustainable lithium production, its strategy embodies a crucial global conversation on resource utilization and environmental responsibility.
Latin America’s historical narrative is intricately woven with the complex interrelationship between armed forces and politics. From the authoritative reign of 19th-century figures like Juan Manuel de Rosas to the military’s political prominence in the 20th century, the region’s trajectory has been profoundly shaped by this alliance. The shift towards democracy during the 1980s curtailed direct military influence, although discussions on their role endure. Present-day challenges, exemplified by the rise of organized crime, have propelled armed forces into new roles. Peru and Mexico serve as pertinent examples, where armed actors with economic and military clout challenge state authority. Governments are now recalibrating the role of armed forces to strike a harmonious balance between security imperatives and democratic governance. This article delves into these nuances, spotlighting Peru and Mexico as illustrative case studies within this intricate framework.