Chile’s push to harness its vast lithium reserves for a greener future is garnering attention. President Gabriel Boric’s visionary plan aims to position the nation as a battery industry leader, pivoting towards renewable energy. However, concerns loom over potential nationalization and private sector involvement. With global lithium demand on the rise, Chile’s strategy embraces state-controlled mining, sustainable practices, and local value chain growth. Balancing these goals, while attracting new players and preserving the environment, presents a complex challenge. As Chile strides towards sustainable lithium production, its strategy embodies a crucial global conversation on resource utilization and environmental responsibility.